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Evolution of ideas in Biological Sciences-(8th semester)

[ 4th Year ]

Lecturers: Kostas Mathiopoulos, Vasileios E. Pantazis

Course Description

The Evolution of Ideas in Biological Sciences has two main goals. Firstly, it reviews the history of science of living beings, starting from the great cultures of antiquity (Greek, Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Indian and Chinese) to this day, but also going through the perceptions of different religions. Secondly, it attempts to analyze and interpret contemporary societal issues that have a biological basis (beginning of life, evolution theories, post-mortem life, altruism, intelligence, homosexuality, polygamy, incest, determinism, synthetic biology), through the understanding of how these concepts and ideas were historically shaped.

Content of the course

The course includes lectures covering the following subjects:


1. From antiquity (Greece, Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, China) to the Middle Ages
2. Renaissance and the scientific revolution
3. Enlightenment (18th century)
4. 19th century
5. 20th century and great compositions

Special Issues:
1. When does human life begin?
2. Man as a "needy" living being
3. Theories of Science
4. Seeking the meaning of life
5. Evolution and religion

Assessment

 Performance in the course is assessed by:


1. Presence at lectures (P)
2. Participation in discussions during lectures (D)
3. Presentation of a bibliographic work on a selected topic (B)
4. Written examination

Final Grade (G) = 0.3 × P + 0.2 × D + 0.5 × B
If G < 5 a written examination is required.
If G > 5 ​​the written examination can improve the grade.

Suggested Bibliography
  1.  Αναζητώντας τη ζωή, Ζαχαρία Σκούρα, Εκδόσεις Ζήτη. ISBN: 978-960-456-456-9.

  2.  Ιστορία της Βιολογίας, MichelMorange, Εκδόσεις UTOPIA. ΙSBN: 978-618-5173-22-7

  3. Η δομή των θεωριών της βιολογίας, PaulThompson. ΠανεπιστημιακέςΕκδόσειςΚρήτης. ISBN: 960-524-135-8.

  4. Φιλοσοφία της Βιολογίας, PeterGodfrey-Smith. Πανεπιστημιακές Εκδόσεις Κρήτης. ISBN: 978-960-524-458-3.

 

- Related scientific journals:

   The American Naturalist (https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/toc/an/current)

  Perspectives in Biology and Medicine (https://www.press.jhu.edu/journals/perspectives-biology-and-medicine)

    Trends in Ecology and Evolution (http://www.cell.com/trends/ecology-evolution/home)

    Biology and Philosophy (https://link.springer.com/journal/10539)

   Journal of the History of Biology (https://link.springer.com/journal/10739)

 Course material / E-class

http://eclass.uth.gr/eclass/SEYC222/

 

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